Why hydropower is regarded as the best source of energy? Explain it in detail

Hydropower generates electricity using water’s natural movement. Hydropower has been used for generations to crush grains and power machinery.

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Hydropower supplies 16% of global electricity, making it the greatest renewable source. It delivers steady, low-cost energy for rural areas in underdeveloped countries.

Hydropower is renewable energy. Hydropower, unlike fossil fuels, uses the natural water cycle, which is renewed by rainfall and runoff. As long as rivers flow, hydropower can generate electricity.

Another benefit of hydropower is its reliability. As long as there is a constant supply of water, hydropower facilities can function continuously, unlike solar and wind power. It’s ideal for baseload power, the least quantity needed to meet consistent demand.

Hydropower is clean too. Hydropower doesn’t release dangerous pollutants like fossil fuels. It helps fight climate change and cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Hydropower is also cheap. After infrastructure is installed, electricity generation is cheap. Water flows naturally, generating free energy. Some dams and hydroelectric facilities last over 100 years.

Hydropower offers more than electricity generation. For instance, certain hydroelectric stations may store water to manage supplies and avert droughts. Hydropower also allows for fishing, boating, irrigation, and flood control.

Hydropower has benefits and downsides. Dams and reservoirs affect the environment. They affect river flow, aquatic ecosystems, and fish populations. Dams and reservoirs can potentially displace and harm local people.

To meet these concerns, hydropower projects must be built and managed to minimise harm to ecosystems and populations. These may include fish ladders, wildlife corridors, and community engagement to alleviate dam and reservoir consequences.

Hydropower can help us shift to a sustainable energy system because it’s renewable, reliable, and cheap. Therefore, it’s crucial to examine hydropower projects’ environmental and social implications and establish ways to reduce harm and increase benefits. We can use water’s potential to generate clean, affordable energy for generations.

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