Define the concept of city and discuss the town/city distinction according to the Indian Census

The city is defined as a human settlement with a high population density, infrastructure, and economic activity.

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The Indian Census defines a city as a statutory town with a population of 100,000 or more, an urban agglomeration with a population of 20,000 or more, or a town with a population of 50,000 or more and an urban character (i.e., having a high population density, non-agricultural activities as the main economic activity, and a significant proportion of the male working population engaged in non-agricultural activities).

The distinction between towns and cities in the Indian Census is based on population size and the level of economic and social development. While a town may have some urban characteristics, it may not have the same level of infrastructure, economic activity, and population density as a city. A town may also have a significant proportion of its population engaged in agricultural activities.

For example, according to the Indian Census 2011, Jaipur is a city with a population of 3.1 million, while Ajmer is a town with a population of 542,321. Jaipur has a high population density, significant economic activity, and a well-developed infrastructure, while Ajmer has a lower population density, less economic activity, and a less developed infrastructure.

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