Trace the evolution of Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY). Describe the process of its implementation

Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) was a rural employment scheme launched by the Indian Government in 2001.

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The scheme was a merger of two earlier rural employment schemes, the Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY) and the Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS). The aim of SGRY was to provide additional wage employment opportunities to the rural poor, with a focus on creating durable community assets.

The implementation process of SGRY was as follows:

  1. Identification of Beneficiaries: The first step in the implementation of SGRY was the identification of eligible beneficiaries, which included rural households living below the poverty line (BPL) and SC/ST households.
  2. Project Formulation: Once the beneficiaries were identified, the next step was the formulation of projects to be implemented under the scheme. These projects included the construction of rural infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, water supply systems, and other community assets.
  3. Fund Allocation: The central government allocated funds to the state governments, which were responsible for the implementation of the scheme at the district and village levels.
  4. Project Implementation: The district and village-level authorities were responsible for the implementation of the projects. The projects were implemented through the involvement of the local community, including the beneficiaries and the gram panchayats.
  5. Wage Payment: The beneficiaries were paid wages for the work done under the scheme. The wages were paid in cash or kind, depending on the preference of the beneficiaries.
  6. Monitoring and Evaluation: The scheme was monitored and evaluated at various levels to ensure its effective implementation and impact. The monitoring and evaluation process included regular inspections, field visits, and community feedback.

SGRY was implemented for seven years from 2001 to 2008. During this period, the scheme provided employment to millions of rural households and created durable community assets in various parts of the country. However, the scheme faced several challenges, including corruption, delay in project implementation, and inadequate monitoring and evaluation, which limited its impact on rural poverty and development.

In conclusion, SGRY was an important rural employment scheme launched by the Indian Government, which aimed to provide additional wage employment opportunities to the rural poor and create durable community assets. The scheme underwent a phased implementation process, which involved the identification of beneficiaries, project formulation, fund allocation, project implementation, wage payment, and monitoring and evaluation. Although the scheme faced several challenges, it contributed significantly to the rural development of India.

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