Critically examine the performance of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP). What were the factors responsible for its restructuring

The Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) was launched in India in 1978, with the aim of providing credit and subsidy assistance to the rural poor to help them improve their economic conditions.

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The program was meant to be an integrated approach to rural development, involving the provision of credit, subsidies, and technical assistance to the rural poor.

The performance of the IRDP has been mixed. On the one hand, the program has had some successes in terms of helping the rural poor to improve their economic conditions. It has provided credit and subsidy assistance to a large number of beneficiaries, and many of them have been able to start their own businesses and increase their incomes.

However, there have also been criticisms of the program. One major criticism is that the program has not been able to reach the poorest of the poor. The program has been criticized for being too bureaucratic and for not reaching the most marginalized sections of society. The program has also been criticized for not providing enough technical assistance to beneficiaries, which has limited their ability to effectively use the credit and subsidies provided.

In response to these criticisms, the IRDP has been restructured several times. One of the major factors responsible for the restructuring of the program was the need to address the issues of targeting and effectiveness. The program was restructured to focus more on the poorest of the poor, and to provide more technical assistance to beneficiaries.

Another factor responsible for the restructuring of the IRDP was the need to align it with other rural development programs. The program was integrated into other rural development schemes to ensure that it was more effective and efficient.

In conclusion, the performance of the IRDP has been mixed, with some successes and some criticisms. The program has been restructured several times to address the issues of targeting, effectiveness, and alignment with other rural development programs. The success of the program in the future will depend on the extent to which these issues are effectively addressed.

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